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Home / Health / Treatment Of Hypothermia

Treatment Of Hypothermia

Treatment Of Hypothermia. Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs when your body loses heat faster than it can produce heat, causing a dangerously low body temperature. Normal body temperature is around 98.6 degree F ( 37 degree C ). Hypothermia occurs as your body temperature passes below 95 degree F ( 35 degree C ).





Treatment Of Hypothermia

A temperature is an objective comparative measurement of hot or cold. It is measured by a thermometer. Several units exist for measuring temperature, the most common being Celsius, Fahrenheit.  Normal body temperature range 97 degree F – 99 degree F ( 36 degree  C – 37.5 degree C ). Depending on the severity of Hypothermia, emergency medical care for hypothermia may include one of the following interventions to raise the body temperature.

Sign and symptoms of Hypothermia:

A. Mild hypothermia

Sign and symptoms of mild hypothermia include:

  1. Shivering
  2. Dizziness
  3. Hunger
  4. Nausea
  5. Faster breathing
  6. Trouble speaking
  7. Slight confusion
  8. Lack of coordination
  9. Fatigue
  10. Increased heart rate

B. Moderate to severe hypothermia

As your body temperature drops, sign and symptoms of moderate to severe hypothermia include:

  1. Shivering, although as hypothermia worsens, shivering stops
  2. Clumsiness or lack of coordination
  3. Slurred speech or mumbling
  4. Confusion and poor decision-making, such as trying to remove warm clothes
  5. Drowsiness or very low energy
  6. Lack of concern about ones condition
  7. Progressive loss of consciousness
  8. Weak pulse
  9. Slow, shallow breathing

Causes Hypothermia

Specific conditions leading to hypothermia include:

  1. Wearing clothes that aren’t  warm enough for weather conditions
  2. Staying out in the clod too long
  3. Unable to get out of wet clothes or move to a warm, dry location
  4. Accidental falls in water, as in a boating accident
  5. Inadequate heating in the ,especially for older people and infants
  6. Air conditioning that is too cold, especially for older and infants.

Treatment of Hypothermia:

  • Blood rewarming: Blood may be drawn and re-circulated in the body. A common method of warming blood is the use of a hemodialysis machine, which is normally used to filter blood in people with poor kidney function. Heart bypass  machines also may need to be used.
  • Warm intravenous fluids: A warmed intravenous solution of salt water may be injected into a vein to help warm the blood.
  • Airway rewarming; The use of humidified oxygen administered with a mask or nasal tube can warm the airways and help raise the temperature of the body.
  • Irrigation: A warm saltwater solution may be used to warm certain areas of the body, such as the area around the lungs or the abdominal cavity.


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