Treatment Of Hypothermia. Hypothermia is a medical emergency that occurs when your body loses heat faster than it can produce heat, causing a dangerously low body temperature. Normal body temperature is around 98.6 degree F ( 37 degree C ). Hypothermia occurs as your body temperature passes below 95 degree F ( 35 degree C ).
Treatment Of Hypothermia
A temperature is an objective comparative measurement of hot or cold. It is measured by a thermometer. Several units exist for measuring temperature, the most common being Celsius, Fahrenheit. Normal body temperature range 97 degree F – 99 degree F ( 36 degree C – 37.5 degree C ). Depending on the severity of Hypothermia, emergency medical care for hypothermia may include one of the following interventions to raise the body temperature.
Sign and symptoms of Hypothermia:
A. Mild hypothermia
Sign and symptoms of mild hypothermia include:
- Faster breathing
- Trouble speaking
- Slight confusion
- Lack of coordination
- Increased heart rate
B. Moderate to severe hypothermia
As your body temperature drops, sign and symptoms of moderate to severe hypothermia include:
- Shivering, although as hypothermia worsens, shivering stops
- Clumsiness or lack of coordination
- Slurred speech or mumbling
- Confusion and poor decision-making, such as trying to remove warm clothes
- Drowsiness or very low energy
- Lack of concern about ones condition
- Progressive loss of consciousness
- Weak pulse
- Slow, shallow breathing
Specific conditions leading to hypothermia include:
- Wearing clothes that aren’t warm enough for weather conditions
- Staying out in the clod too long
- Unable to get out of wet clothes or move to a warm, dry location
- Accidental falls in water, as in a boating accident
- Inadequate heating in the ,especially for older people and infants
- Air conditioning that is too cold, especially for older and infants.
Treatment of Hypothermia:
- Blood rewarming: Blood may be drawn and re-circulated in the body. A common method of warming blood is the use of a hemodialysis machine, which is normally used to filter blood in people with poor kidney function. Heart bypass machines also may need to be used.
- Warm intravenous fluids: A warmed intravenous solution of salt water may be injected into a vein to help warm the blood.
- Airway rewarming; The use of humidified oxygen administered with a mask or nasal tube can warm the airways and help raise the temperature of the body.
- Irrigation: A warm saltwater solution may be used to warm certain areas of the body, such as the area around the lungs or the abdominal cavity.
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