First Aid Of Burn. The burn may be defined as injuries resulting from the application of dry heat (e.g.; flame and heated solid substances ) or chemical substances to the external or internal surfaces of the body resulting in more or less destruction of the tissues.
First Aid For Burn
Burn can be very painful and may cause:
- Red or peeling skin
- White or charred skin.
Here are the steps on how to give first aid for a burn:
- Stop the burning process. If the person is on fire, smother the flames with a blanket or coat, or douse them with water. If the burn is from hot liquid, remove the clothing that is in contact with the burn.
- Cool the burn. Immerse the burn in cool (not cold) water for 20 minutes. If you don’t have access to cool water, you can apply cool, wet clothes to the burn. Do not use ice or iced water, as this can cause further damage.
- Remove jewelry or clothing that is tight or stuck to the burn. Do not try to remove anything that is stuck to the burn, as this could cause further damage.
- Cover the burn. Once the burn has been cooled, cover it with a clean, dry bandage. Do not use ointments or creams, as these can trap heat and bacteria.
- Get medical attention if necessary. If the burn is large, deep, or painful, or if the person is a child, get medical attention right away.
Here are some additional tips for giving first aid for a burn:
- Do not break blisters. Blisters help to protect the burn from infection. If a blister does break, clean the area with soap and water and apply an antibiotic ointment.
- Do not apply butter, oil, or ointments to the burn. These substances can trap heat and bacteria and can make the burn worse.
- Do not use ice or iced water to cool the burn. This can cause further damage to the skin.
- Keep the burn clean and dry. Change the bandage as needed, and wash the burn with soap and water before applying a new bandage.
- Elevate the burn. If the burn is on an arm or leg, elevate it to help reduce swelling.
- Give the person pain medication if necessary. Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help to relieve pain and inflammation.
If you have any questions about giving first aid for a burn, please consult a doctor or other healthcare professional.
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Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh